By | May 24, 2019


የኦሮሞ የነፃነት ትግል (ኦነት) ከየት ተነስቶ ወዴት እየሄደ ነው? ሁለተኛ ዙር፥ ክፍል አራት

ብርሃኑ ሁንዴ, Caamsaa 24, 2019

Oromoo jiraበሁለተኛ ዙር ክፍል ሶስት ፅሁፍ ውስጥ የኦነት ፀር የሆኑት ኃይሎች የምጠቀሙበትን ስልቶችና ከኦሮሞ ጎራ የምያገኙትን አጋሪነት በሚመለከት አንዳንድ ጉዳዮችን አቅርቤ ነበር። እንደዚሁም የድሮው ኦሕዴድ (OPDO) ያሁኑ ኦዴፓ (ODP) የፖለቲካ አካሄድ የኦሮሞ የነፃነት ትግልን ያግዛል ወይንስ ተቃራኒ የሆነ ስራ ነው እየተሰራ ያለው? ብዬ ጥያቄ አንስቼ ግን በሰፊው እንደምመለስበት አስቀምጬ ነበር። በዚህኛው ክፍል አራት ፅሁፍ ውስጥ የኦዴፓን አካሄድ በሚመለከት እያስተዋልክ ያሉሁትን አንዳንድ ነገሮች አቀርባለሁ።

የኦዴፓ የፖለቲካ አካሄድ እና ስራቸው ኦነትን ያግዛሉ ወይንስ እንቅፋት እየሆኑበት ነው?

በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ ሀሳቤን ሳቀርብ ሳስተውል የቆየሁትናን እያስተዋልኩም ያለሁትን ለመግለፅ እንጂ ከዚህ ድርጅት የግል ጥላቻ ኖሮኝ እንዳልሆነ የዚህ ፅሁፍ አንባቢዎችን ማስገንዘብ እወዳለሁ። በተጨማሪም ስራቸውንና አካሄዳቸውን ነው የምቃወመው እንጂ ከሰዎች ችገርም ሆነ ጥላቻ ኖሮኝ አይደለም። እኔ የምቃወመው ደግሞ የሰፊውን የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ጥቅምና ፍላጎት የሚፃረር እና ለኦነት እንቅፋት ይሆናል ብዬ የማምነውን ነው።

የድርጅቱን ስም ለማጥፋት ወይም በሱ ላይ ፕሮፓጋንዳ ለማድረግ ሳይሆን፣ የኦሮሞ ታሪክ ማስረጃ መሆን እንደሚችለው ይህ ድርጅት የተቋቋመው የኦሮሞን ሕዝብ ፍላጎት ለማሟለት ተብሎ ሳይሆን የባዕድንና የጠላትን ፍላጎትና ዓላም ለማሳካት ተብሎ ስለሆነ፤ ያንን የተቋቋመለትን ዓላማ ከግብ ለማድረስ ሲስራ እንደቆየ የሚታወስና የሚታመንም ነው። ይሁን እንጂ በኦሮሞ ሕዝባዊ እንቅስቃሴና መራራ ትግል የወያኔዎች የበላይነት አገዛዝ ሲሰበርና በአገሪቷ የለውጥ አየር መንፈስ ከጀመረ በኋላ፤ የድርጅቱ አዲስ መሪዎች የኦሮሞን ብሔርተኝነት የሚያንፀባርቅ ንግግር ሲያደርጉ በነበረበት ወቅት፣ ያለፈው ለታሪክ ይቀመጥ በማለት በእውነት ይህ ድርጀት ራሱን ቀይሮ ለኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ይቆም ይሆን ተብሎ በተስፋ ተጠብቆ ነበር።

አሁን ግን ያ ምኞት ሁሉ በአየር ላይ ቀረ ማለት ይቻላል። በዚህ አገር የለውጥ አየር ከታየ በኋላ ኦዴፓ ለኦሮሞ ጉዳይ ቅድሚያና ትኩረት ሰጥቶ ኣንዳንድ ነገሮችን ለመቀየር እንደዚሁም ደግሞ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ስያነሳ ከቆዩት ጥያቄዎች ውስጥ ጥቂቶቹ እንኳን መልስ ማግኘት እንዲችሉ ለማድረግ ታሪካዊና ወርቃማ አጋጣሚ አግኝቶ ነበር። ግን በዚህ በተገኘው አጋጣሚ አልተጠቀመም። በተቃራኒው ግን የኦሮሞን ብሔራዊ ፍላጎት የሚቃረኑ ብዙ ነገሮች ተሰርተዋል እየተሰሩም ናቸው። ኦሕዴድ(ኦዴፓ) እንደ ድሮው አመሉ ዛሬም ባዕድን ለማገልገልና ለማስደስት ነው እየሰራ ያለው እንጂ ለኦሮሞ ችግሮች አይኑንም ጆሮውንም አይከፍትም። ስለዚህ የዚህ ድርጅት አካሄድና አሰራር ኦነትን ከማገዝ ይልቅ እንዲያውም እንቅፋት እየሆነበት እንደሆነ ለመረዳት የሚያስቸግር አይመስለኝም። ይህ ለምን ሆነ? ብለን ጥያቄ ካነሳን፣ የተለያዩ ምክንያቶችን መገመት ይቻላል።

ኦዴፓ ለምንድነው ለኦሮሞ ጉዳይ ቅድሚያና ትኩረት የማይሰጠው?

ለዚህ ጥያቄ አጥጋቢ መልስ ማግኘት አስቸጋሪ ቢሆንም፣ ነገር ግን ለምክንያቶቹ የተለያዩ ግምቶችን መጥቀስ ይቻላል።

  • ይህ ድርጅት ስሙን ከኦሕዴድ ወደ ኦዴፓ ይቀይር እንጂ የፖለቲካ ዓላማው መጀመሪያውኑ የተቋቋመለት በመሆኑ፣ እንደዚሁም ደግሞ የድሮውን ታክቲክ፣ እስትራቴጂና ተንኮል ይዞ ስለሚሄድ ለኦሮሞ ጉዳዮች ቅድሚያና ትኩረት ለመስጥት አይመቸውም። አንድ የተለመደውን ፀባይ መቀየር አስቸጋሪ ስለሚሆን ማለት ነው።
  • ይህ ድርጅት አሁን ራሴን አድሻለሁ በሚለው የኢሕአዴግ የፌዴራል መንግስት ውስጥ ቁልፍ የሆነ ቦታ ስላገኘ፣ ለኦሮሞ ጉዳዮች ይልቅ ለአገሪቷ ጉዳዮች ቅድሚያ መስጠትን ይመርጣል።
  • በትውልድ ማለትም በስጋና ደም ኦሮሞ ያልሆኑ ነገር ግን በኦሮሚያ ተወልደው ያደጉ፣ ኦሮሚኛን በደንብ የሚናገሩ እንደዚሁም የኦሮሞን ጉዳይ በሚገባ የሚያወቁ ሰዎች የዚህ ድርጅት አባላት ስለሆኑ፣ እነዚህ ሰዎች የኦሮሞ ብሔርተኝነት ላላቸው ሌሎች አባላት ለኦሮሞ ጉዳይ ትክረት ሰጥተው እንዳይሰሩ እንቅፋት ይሆኑባቸዋል።
  • ኣንዳንድ በድርጅቱ ውስጥ ቁልፍ ቦታ ያላቸው ሰዎችና መሪዎችም ከሀበሾች ጋር በጋብቻ ስለተሳሰሩ ወይም ስለተቀላቀሉ፣ ይህ ትስስር ደግሞ ተወደደም ተጠላ በኦሮሞ ጉዳዮች ላይ ትልቅ ጫና አለው።
  • በዚህ ድርጅት ውስጥ ለኦሮሞ ብሔር ፍለጎት ይልቅ ለግል ጥቅምና ፍላጎታቸው የሚሰሩ ሆድ ኣደሮች ስላሉ እንደዚሁም ደግሞ በድርጅቱ ውስጥ ስር ሰዶ የመጣው የሙሰኝነት ስራ ስላላ፣ በዚህ ድርጅት ውስጥ የሰፊውን የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ፍላጎትና ጥቅም የሚያስጠብቅ ስራ መስራት አይቻለም።
  • ይህ ድርጅት በኦሮሞ ሕዝባዊ አመፅ ዛሬ የሚገኝበት ደረጃ እንደደረሰ በመርሳት፣ ከሀበሾች እንደተማረው በምን አለብኝነትና ትእብተኝነት የኦሮሞን ጉዳይ ንቆ ይተዋል።
  • በስተመጨረሻ፣ መዘንጋት የሌለበት ኣንድ እውነታ ይህ ድርጅት ከኦሮሞ ነፃነት ግንባር (ኦነግ) ፍርሃት ስላለው፣ በተጨማሪ ደግሞ ከቅናትም የተነሳ ለኦሮም ሕዝብ የሚጠቅመውን መስራት አይፈልግም። የኦነግ ጠላቶች ወይም ተቃዋሚ የሆኑትን ኃይሎች ወደ ራሱ በመሳብ፣ ይህንን በኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ዘንድ ተወዳጅነት ያለውን ግንባር ለማዳከም ያማያደርገው ጥረት የለም። ይህ ለኦነግ ለመናገር ሳይሆን በመሬት ላይ ያለውን እውነታ ስላስተዋልኩና ስለተገነዝብኩ ነው።

እንግዲህ ከዚህ በላይ የተዘረዘሩት ነጥቦች የራሴ ግምቶችና ከስተዋልኩዋቸው ውስጥ ጥቂቶችን ጨምቄ አቀርብኩ እንጂ ምክንያቶቹ እነዚህ ብቻ እንዳልሆኑ፤ ሌሎች ምክንያቶችም ሊኖሩ እንደሚችሉ መረሳት የለበትም። ኦዴፓ (ODP) ለኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ብሔራዊ ጥቅምና ፍላጎት ቅድሚያና ትኩረት ሰጠው የመስራት ፍላጎት ከሌላቸው መጪው የአገሪቷ ምርጫ ውስጥ የኦሮሞን ድምፅና ድጋፍ ማግኘታቸው አጠራጣሪ በመሆኑ፣ ከሌሎች ከአገሪቷ ብሔሮች፣ ብሔረ ሰቦችና ሕዝቦች ድጋፍ አግኝተው መርጫውን ያሸንፉ ይሆን?? ይህንን የምናየው ይሆናል። ለማንኛውም ይህንን ጉዳይ እመለስበታለሁ።

ተመልሰን እስከምንገናኝ በደህና ቆዩ

 

 

4 thoughts on “የኦሮሞ የነፃነት ትግል (ኦነት) ከየት ተነስቶ ወዴት እየሄደ ነው? ሁለተኛ ዙር፥ ክፍል አራት

  1. Olana Abbalichie

    Dear Berhanu Hundee,

    Many thanks for your relentless efforts to put the direction the Oromo struggle for freedom is taking into perspective. You definitely stand out by trying to make sense of the reality on the ground and airing your views whilst many are trapped in imagined freedom and euphoria. As Snyder (2017) reminds us, ‘it is easy to follow along. It can feel strange to do or say something different. But without that unease, there is no freedom’.

    Although the current reality on the ground in Ethiopia in general and Oromia in particular is not fully clear to me (due to distance), the way political developments are taking shape back at home makes me to pay attention to your view points. When the Oromo protests reached climax and the power of the TPLF, as shakers and makers of the Ethiopian affairs, started to crumble, certain team in the OPDO presented themselves as champions of the Oromo struggle for freedom. Many people hoped that the ‘reformists’ emerged within the organisation would go beyond window dressing, and embrace the yearning of the Oromo people for justice and freedom. Many assumed that the so called “Team Lemma/Team Abiy” has captured the vision of our people to come out of a century and half extreme repression and ascertain their abbabiyyumma. Many people took comfort in the initial speeches of the emerging “reform team” and failed to ask serious questions whether Oromoness would shape the future politics of OPDOs or whether the organization trading in the name of the Oromo is up to something we don’t know.

    The prospect of Abiy’s serious nostalgia for past Ethiopia was evident in his inaugural speech, in which he tried to please the anti oromo camps, and failed to mention the Oromo demands for which thousands of our bright children lost their lives. With no disrespect to both Lemma and Abiy, their efforts to please the historical enemies of the great Oromo people has been louder than their determination to correct the political wrongs. We all know that when TPLF’s hegemony ended in an appalling messy divorce (even if it was officially announced), OPDO rushed into political marriage with another anti Oromo organization within the EPRDF coalition. In literal truth, it seems that in the unannounced divorce from TPLF and the new alliance, between ODP/OPDO and ADP/ANDM, within the EPRDF coalition, the ADP have ‘gotten the house and most of the savings’ while ODP managed to ‘hold to the contents of the garden shed and sleeping bag’.

    Anti Oromo individuals, Abyssinian “journalists”, political activists, ultra nationalist fascist organizations, lunatic fringes, etc., are busy hypnotizing and manipulating ODP officials particularly, Abiy, Lemma, Shemelis, etc. Their media outlets are busy creating false news and hurtful propagandas against the Oromo people while their activists and fascist organizations are working day and night to incite violence against non “Amhara” peoples. The recent savage massacres against Gumuz, Oromo, Qimant, etc., by Amhara militia are cases in point. The bold moves by the so called National Amhara Movement/NaAM to claim Darra, Walqite, Rayya, Meketel and so on as Amhara lands are outrageous claims, and are serious tests to the sleeping Administration of Abiy Ahmed. The OPDOs seem to be extremely naïve to understand Abyssinian toxic politics, and are busy to appease them. Conversely, the historical subjugators are always on the prowl, seeking unaware prey to devour.

    Interestingly, OPDO officials seem to be taking their cue from people such as ” Daniel Kibret”, Berhanu Nega, Major Dawit Woldegiorgis and others decrying the federal arrangement, which gives reecognition (at least on paper) to ethnic groups making up the country of Ethiopia. Fundamentalist “Ethiopiansts” and “Amhara” nationalists alike decry ethnic politics while they indirectly promote invasions, persecution, cruel inhumane treatments and subjugation of non-“Amhara” (ethnic others).

    Above all, it is petrifying that OPDO, the organization that partook in and assisted TPLF to cleanse Oromia of her bright sons daughters, is resorting to repeating previous mistakes. It is equally disappointing that genuine Oromo politicians within ODP are letting the opportunity of answering Oromo questions to slip away due to deceptions and the appeasement policies followed by the anti Oromo elements in the party. Equally, the Oromo people may wonder what other Oromo political organizations such as the OLF are up to. Are they still busy manufacturing inefficient and ineffective factions, dancing to mediocre faction leaders or are they getting more serious to weigh up to the scared cause on their shoulders?

    The great Oromo people, qeerroo and qarree: you have sacrificed a lot including your bright sons, daughters, comrades and your own wellbeing in the struggles to gain your freedoms. Your bitter struggles brought your quest for justice and freedom to where it is now. You have no reason to abandon your just cause and go back to sleep. Understand your immense potential and resist the temptation to hand over your just cause to any political organizations or politicians who are not taking their responsibilities seriously. It does not matter whether it is ODP or OLF or any organizations trading in your names, demand of them that they genuinely work to address your fundamental questions. Do not support any political organization or politician unconditionally. Trust me, I have no ill wishes for either ODP or OLF, however, they have had enough time to show something on their promises to you. Do not hesitate to exert maximum pressure on them and force them to work for you. Never let them to pressure you or lie to you. Particularly, since ODP is supposedly governing Oromia and is playing major part in the federal government, push them to deliver on your fundamental questions. Do you remember Lemma Megerssa’s claim, “our masters are our people”? What has happened? Oromo, your immense potential is superior to any and you can promote leaders from among yourselves, and assert yourselves. The sky is NOT the limit if the Oromo people stay awakened and act in unison. Hear each other; pay attention to the country’s political developments; rise up in unison when any part of Oromia is threatened or attacked. Do you understand that Abiy Ahmed is firstly the chairman of ODP and is the chairman of EPRDF and prime minister. This means that he is required to put your interests above anything if ODP is truly an Oromo political party. Qeerroo and qarree: stay alert; ‘the price of justice and freedom is eternal vigilance’.

    Truth and Justice may prevail in Ethiopia, and cleanse deceptions and toxic politics!

    OA

    Reply
    1. Berhanu Hundee

      Dear Olana Abbalichie,

      Many thanks too for your encouragement. It is a very well-articulated opinion with key messages and a call up on the Oromo people in general and Qeerroo & Qarree in particular. It is really a wake-up call to all Oromo and in particular to Oromo Nationalist as our struggle for justice and freedom is in a very dangerous situation.

      Kan gurra qabu haa dhaggeeffatu, kan ija qabu haa argu, kan sammuu qulqulluu qabu haa hubatu….

      Reply
  2. Abaltii biyyaa

    Sabn oromo gaaffii issaa kanan dura gaaffachun ijooleen issaa itti warregammanni tookkoo lamman beekun sadarkkaa sadarkkaan akka debiuuf irraat hojeechuun nuu irra eggaammaa. Haala addaa addaan saba oromoo gargarri qodduun dhabachuu akkaa qabbuu; sababaa addaa addaan saba oromoo irratti dullii adeema jiru akkaa dhabbattu fi rakkooleen jiran mirga saba kabajjuun ilaa fi ilaameen; mariin akka hikkaa argaataniif; akkaa sabaf wadaa galamee itti akka motummaan hojeetuf toachuun; gaafachuun; dukkaa ba’uun hojii hundaa keenyaa ta’uu qabaa. Kana beekuun hojii fi gaaffii jiran waldura dubban kahuun akka hikka argatan hojeechun dirqamma fi mirga ta’u beekun hunda keenya irra egamma.

    Reply
  3. Tamru

    Ethiopian are being treated as herds of cattles according to their ethnicities or area of residency . Ethiopians are subjected to be led without their voice and concerns being given any value. ODP claims to represent the herd of Oromo .
    ODP wasnot and isnot elected in free election Democracy doesn’t exist but EPRDF thinks democracy is flourishing in Ethiopia.
    The foreign debt is up to the limit. The Amara region military forces are demanding to lead themselves, the Amara region military do not want to be led by Amara Region politicians anymore because they think Dr. Ambachew’s team is miseducated.

    In the last thirty years the military had been led by uneducated Ethiopian military leaders and the USA military advisors just so finally somehow China end up to rip the benefits in Ethiopia.

    The whole of Ethiopia natural resources are being bought by neo colonialists and their educated agents bandas.

    Ethiopia is said to have one of the top 10 worst health care systems in the world while even traditional ancient Ethiopian medicines are being lost due to displacements , land grabs and miseducation.

    The so called educated older generations who survived TPLF’s ruling time by listening to jazz music not listening to the exile , the suffering , the imprisonment , the injustice , the killings that brought the so called Transformational change should in short be called miseducation.

    The young should not repeat the mistakes of the past thirty years. What the young should do is not listen to the team Lemmas’s medemer way of education, we don’t want this being added medemer which led to group ethnic gangs in schools cheatng on exams MEKORAREJNA FETENA MALEF educational system. Rule of law need to be respected the ethnic cliques Mekorarej medemer is still breeding incompetent corrupt workforce in all fields of works.

    https://www.thereporterethiopia.com/article/education-roadmap-finalizes-five-years

    Reply

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