Who is Badhoo Dachaasaa Guddataa?
By Sheleme K Jima, Ebla 24, 2018
Bedhoo Dachasa Gudeta who was a son of ade Mamite Wakene was born in 1951 in Gulele Burayu town, Gefersa Burayu Kebele (Dire Sololiya). Badhoo Dachaasaa was the first man from central Oromia to join the Oromo liberation armed struggle lead by Jarra Abba Gada, Baro Tumsa and Lencho Lata.
Dadhi Dechasa his elder brother was a polytechnic graduate and Quality Authentication in an organization that Lencho Lata used to work in. Sufe Dechasa, Kebede Dechasa, Sisay Dechasa, Gadisa Dechasa, Tsegaye Dechasa, Atsede Dechasa, Chaltu Dechasa, Mulu Dechasa, Askale Dechasa and Getahun Dechasa were his brothers and sisters.
Bedho was a founder and a member of Finfine youth; Gulele group which had been a cultural, political and language group that had been helping students to study hard and know their country. He was a disciplined and an outstanding student at Medhanealem Comprehensive Senior Secondary school at Gulele in Finfine. Bedho had been a good role model student for his brothers and sisters. He was a country loving martyr who had been awakening the society of his time.
In 1966 he completed his 10th grade and went to Harar to attend Teachers Training Courses for two years. He taught in Tigray region at Shire; Salaklaka elementary school. And came back to Finfine and completed his high school. He got a chance to join Lethal college and met there Eritrean nationalists such as Negash Ali and Fikre Ri’isom. These men had begun to pin him the political situation of the time and he begun to think how to cooperate with the rationalist groups in fighting against the Ethiopian government.
Bedho was one of the Oromo nationalists of his time who Joined Addis Ababa University for his Bachelor of Arts to study history. He got a chance to participate on “Edget Behibret’’ and taught for some years in Ilu Aba Bora.
This Oromo political activist met in Finfine with the activist members of politics, like Meles Tekle, Dheresa K’ite Boji and Abdeta Gutema. Bedho was not a leftist or a rightist .The rightist groups who believe that Ethiopia was the Christian island was led by Alula Abate, Asfaw Damt’e and by Asefa Liben. The other group was the Ethnological Society of the University College which was led by Bayisa Alemu, Temesgen Gobena, Dhinsa Let’isa and Kebede Hat’e Segni. But Bedho Dechasa was not one of these groups; he was a secular Oromo nationalist who took his line with Dheresa K’it’e and Abdeta Gutema.
In “Kana Bekta?” awakening writing that was led by Kebede Firisa (from Ilu Aba Bora), Bedho was a good columnist with Tesfaye Bedhane(from Arsi). Bedho’s skill was not only in writing, but also he was one of the Oromo martyrs who facilitated the struggle from localities, schools, groups and regions to an organized formal political organization.
In his struggle history, he began to hate the leftist socialist groups and started to wide open his eyes to other options. That time there were other mono nationalist movement groups like Baro Tumsa in Quality Authentication Organization (an office that Lencho Leta used to work), Tsegaye, Merera, Fikadu Eba , Addisu Beyene and Bekele Geleta. Seeing all political views of that time, Bedho then denied as there would be a political solution for Oromo movements under the Ethiopian flag and under Socialism. He then joined the Ilu Aba Bora radical group of Olana Alemu (Bobasa Geda),Kebede Borena (used to live at Winget and killed by Dergue) ,Tesfaye Tadese (officer at Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and Dr. Kelil Mohammed’s group who were killed by Dergue during Red Terror.
Though much has been done in disintegration to awaken Oromo, but when Dergue took power Oromo movements were not well organized to a unified political party or a front. But there were groups movements such as Werak’a (Mitiku Terfasa’s group; a scholar who studied in Germany and who finally joined MEISON and finally killed by Dergue), Oromia (Bekele Geleta, Fikadu Eba and Tsegaye Nemera), Bekelcha (lead by a lawyer and pharmacist Baro Tumsa), Qanqe and Mukulkula. These all had contributed their part to aware Oromo some steps forward.
It was for the first time that the group met in Mekane Eyesus Churcha hall to alleviate and hammer out their political differences and stand as united Oromo elites. These Oromo nationalists met in the hall, the stage being led by K’es Gudina Tumsa,Terfa Dibaba and K’es Tesga Hirpho. While the meeting was held in the hall a group from Ministry of Defense led by Baro Tumsa were watching the external environment. These military gourds were Alemu Negera,Teshome Tola and Getachew Degefa.
Badhoo Dechasa with the members having a socialist inclination like Lencho Leta, Dheresa K’it’e, Tsegaye Nemera, men from EHAPA (EPRP),Dejene Bushu, Abdeta Gutema, Abubeker( from Harar),Daniel Defa, Merera Gudina and with the total elites of more than 80 dismissed the meeting without any agreement. Bedho Dechasa, who hoped for good news lost his patience and presented his thoughts emotionally. That was a clear demarcation of those groups. Badhoo Dachasa who hoped a lot at the beginning and lost an appetite from the meeting of Mekane Eyesus, became more and more eager to fight. That time Mulis Aba Geda was asking Baro Tumsa to cooperate for fight and Badhoo Dachasa voluntarily went to Harar when the rest group left in Finfine. He then met Jara Aba Geda, who was also asking the organized groups to stand with him to work for Oromo.
He first made a survey in Harar in 1975, and putting everything aside Bedho went to fight. He met Tony Michel in Dire Dawa; who used to live in Harar and son of Michel Dire. They began to meet at Apolo 11 Hotel; room no 3. In 1976 Bedho contacted Jara Aba Geda’s group in Dire Dawa and began his fight.
Bedho was not married and never heard having a child. He was the first Oromo elite from center to be an Oromo soldier and he began to develop a field organ Sagalee Bosonaa; a military communiqué before the existence of the centralized Bakkalcha Oromoia propaganda communiqué. His talent in high school and his membership in Oromo literature groups in presenting poems and creative works helped him to be perfect in his political careers. He wrote awakening agendas, nice political views, battle and victories news and articles on the Oromo front.