Dictatorship Countries 2020 includes Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Abiy Ahmed

What is a Dictatorship?

(World Population Review) — A dictatorship is a type of government in which a single person or party has absolute power. This means that the ruler or party has complete control and the rights of the people are suppressed. The leaders of dictatorships are known as dictators, and they are usually backed by powerful groups of people. Typically, dictators are put into power when a nation faces significant social issues, such as high rates of unemployment or unrest among the nation’s people.

The financial backing of powerful groups isn’t all that’s needed. In order for a dictatorship to form, all opponents of the dictator ultimately need to be removed. This can be through any means necessary, including being imprisoned or even killed. There are many negative effects of a dictatorship. That includes the unraveling of social organizations and democratic institutions, the prohibition of other political parties, and the replacement of the nation’s constitution. Under a dictatorship, many people are persecuted for reasons including their religion or their economic status. Some dictatorships may have secret police, indefinite arrests, and concentration camps.

Ethiopia Population 2020

Population 113,828,580

With one of the highest poverty levels in the world, Ethiopia is considered by many to be one of the most under-developed nations in the world. But within its African boundaries lies a nation filled with a rich culture and heritage. Bordered by KenyaSouth Sudan, Sudan, DjiboutiEritrea, and Somalia, Ethiopia has an estimated 2020 population of 114.96 million, which ranks 12th in the world.

With a 2020 population of approximately 114.96 million, up from 2015’s estimate of 98.9 million, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the continent of Africa and the second-most populous country of Africa after Nigeria. This estimate of how many people live in Ethiopia is based on the most recent United Nations projections, and makes Ethiopia the 14th most populous country in the world. The most recent census in 2007 found an official population of 73.7 million.

The Five Kinds of Dictatorships

The specific details of a dictatorship comes down to the individual rulers. Some leaders of dictatorships are far more strict and overbearing than other dictators, and the type of dictatorship a country is ruled by comes down to the personality and behavior of the dictator.

What Life is Like in a Country Ruled by a Dictatorship

Dictatorships are run by one person who holds all of the country’s power. Known as dictators, the leaders of dictatorships often have a team of officials who make up the government of the dictatorship, but these officials do not have much of a say in the final outcome of anything.

On a similar note, the citizens of the country with a dictatorship do not have much of a voice, either. The entire premise of a dictatorship is that there is one person calling all of the shots for an entire country, reflecting an obvious imbalance of power.

From the outside looking in, life within a dictatorship is akin to being in a toxic relationship or living situation. However, this is not how everyone views the innerworkings of a dictatorship. For some people, like the citizens of North Korea, this system of government is all the citizens know.

They have never experienced anything else, so living under a dictatorship is not jarring or shocking to them. Dictatorships only seem extreme and unethical to people who have lived differently because it takes an outside perspective.

The Countries with Dictatorships in the Modern World

As of 2018, there are currently a total of fifty nations that have a dictator or authoritarian regime ruling the nation to this day. Europe is home to one dictatorship, while three of them can be found in Latin America and South America. There are eight dictatorships in Asia, seven in the Eurasian region of the world, and twelve spanning from the northern parts of Africa to the Middle East.

African Dictators

Africa has several long-standing dictators; however, they are beginning to lose power across the continent. In the last four years alone, 26 African countries have had transfers of power. Most recently in April, Algeria’s Abdelaziz Bouteflika and Sudan’s Omar Hassan al-Bashir were forced to step down. Unfortunately, democracy is still shaky in these countries, and the possibility of another dictator rising to power is likely.

There are currently 17 dictators in Africa, some worse than others. Some have been in power for decades, such as President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial New Guinea. President Obiang has been in power for 40 years after ousting his uncle, Francisco Macías Nguema, and sentencing him to death by firing squad. His wealth is estimated to be approximately $600 million thanks to an oil boom that enriched his family at the expense of the Equatorial Guinea citizens. Obiang’s regime is known for unlawful killings, torture of prisoners, government-sanctioned kidnappings, and even accusations of cannibalism.

Dictators Around the World

The leaders of dictatorships are not outwardly identified as dictators when they are being addressed by other people. Interestingly enough, you might not recognize a dictator based on their title because many of them are called presidents, kings, prime ministers, and many other titles. Here are the names and titles of the fifty dictators around the world.

  • President Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai of Afghanistan
  • President Abdelkader Bensalah of Algeria
  • President Joao Lourenco of Angola
  • President Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan
  • King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain
  • President Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus
  • Sultan Haji Waddaulah of Brunei
  • President Pierre Nkurunziza of Burundi
  • Prime Minister Hun Sen of Cambodia
  • President Paul Biya of Cameroon
  • President Faustin Archange Touadera of the Central African Republic
  • President Idriss Deby of Chad
  • President Xi Jinping of China
  • President Felix Tshisekedi of the Republic of Congo
  • President Denis Sassou Nguesso of the Congo
  • President Miguel Diaz-Canel of Cuba
  • President Teodoro Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea
  • President Isaias Afwerki of Eritrea
  • Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia
  • President Albert-Bernard Bongo of Gabon
  • President Hassan Rouhani of Iran
  • President Barham Salih of Iraq
  • President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev of Kazakhstan
  • President Bounnhang Vorachith of Laos
  • President Nouri Abusahmain of Libya
  • President Mohamed Ould Ghazouani of Mauritania
  • President Daniel Ortego of Nicaragua
  • President Kim Jong-un of North Korea
  • Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al-Said of Oman
  • Emir Tamin Al Thani of Qatar
  • President Vladimir Putin of Russia
  • President Paul Kagame of Rwanda
  • King Abdullah Aziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia
  • President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed of Somalia
  • President Salva Kiir Mayardit of South Sudan
  • President Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan of Sudan
  • King Mswati III of Swaziland
  • President Bashar al-Assad of Syria
  • President Emomalii Rahmon of Tajikistan
  • Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha of Thailand
  • Chairman Losang Jamcan of Tibet
  • Prime Minister Recep Erdogan of Turkey
  • President Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow of Turkmenistan
  • President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda
  • King Sheikh Khalifa Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates
  • President Shavkat Mirziyoyev of Uzbekistan
  • President Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela
  • President Nguyen Phu Trong of Vietnam
  • President Brahim Ghali of Western Sahara
  • President Abd Al-Hadi of Yemen

Is China a dictatorship? Yes, China is a dictatorship in the form of what the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China calls a “people’s democratic dictatorship.” The premise of the “people’s democratic dictatorship” is that the Chinese Party of China and the state represent and act on behalf of the people, but possess and may use powers against reactionary forces. The People’s Republic of China is currently ruled by President Xi Jinping, who also serves as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, the country’s Vice President, the President of the Central Party School, and the 1st ranked member of the CPC Politburo Standing Committee.

Is Russia a dictatorship? Russia is a federal semi-presidential republic and an oligarchy. President Vladimir Putin is currently serving his fourth term as president of Russia. Whether or not Putin is a dictator has mixed answers. Those who believe that he is a dictator argue that he removed freedom of speech; the press can only publish what he allows them to; imprisons his opponents, and he has structured the government so that it keeps him at the top and gives him the most power. In addition to executive power, Putin also holds judicial and legislative power, allowing him to change laws to fit his agenda.

Autocracy Countries

Often confused with a dictatorship, autocracy is a system of governance headed by a single ruler called an autocrat. Decisions made by the autocrat are not subject to legal restraints and the autocrat exercised unlimited and undisputed power. The term was a favorable feature for rulers, having no conflicts of interest in the government to their own rule. While autocratic countries are not always malevolent, they are continuing to face rising resistance. Modern autocratic countries include Cuba, North Korea, Venezuela, Egypt, Oman, Brunei, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Eswatini.

 Dictatorship Countries by Population 2020

Source: Countries Ruled by Dictatorship

Country  Dictator Population 2019
Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai 38,041,754
Algeria Abdelkader Bensalah 43,053,054
Angola Joao Lourenco 31,825,295
Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev 10,047,718
Bahrain Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa 1,641,172
Belarus Alexander Lukashenko 9,452,411
Brunei Haji Waddaulah 433,285
Burundi Pierre Nkurunziza 11,530,580
Cambodia Hun Sen 16,486,542
Cameroon Paul Biya 25,876,380
Central African Republic Faustin Archange Touadera 4,745,185
Chad Idriss Deby 15,946,876
China Xi Jinping 1,433,783,686
Cuba Miguel Diaz-Canel 11,333,483
Dr Congo Felix Tshisekedi 86,790,567
Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Mbasogo 1,355,986
Eritrea Isaias Afwerki 3,497,117
Ethiopia Abiy Ahmed 112,078,730
Gabon Albert-Bernard Bongo 2,172,579
Iran Hassan Rouhani 82,913,906
Iraq Barham Salih 39,309,783
Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev 18,551,427
Laos Bounnhang Vorachith 7,169,455
Libya Nouri Abusahmain 6,777,452
Mauritania Mohamed Ould Ghazouani 4,525,696
Nicaragua Daniel Ortego 6,545,502
North Korea Kim Jong-un 25,666,161
Oman Qaboos bin Said Al-Said 4,974,986
Qatar Tamin Al Thani 2,832,067
Republic Of The Congo Denis Sassou Nguesso 5,380,508
Russia Vladimir Putin 145,872,256
Rwanda Paul Kagame 12,626,950
Saudi Arabia Abdullah Aziz Al Saud 34,268,528
Somalia Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed 15,442,905
South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit 11,062,113
Sudan Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan 42,813,238
Syria Bashar al-Assad 17,070,135
Tajikistan Emomalii Rahmon 9,321,018
Thailand Prayut Chan-o-cha 69,625,582
Turkey Recep Erdogan 83,429,615
Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow 5,942,089
Uganda Yoweri Museveni 44,269,594
United Arab Emirates Sheikh Khalifa Nahyan 9,770,529
Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev 32,981,716
Venezuela Nicolas Maduro 28,515,829
Vietnam Nguyen Phu Trong 96,462,106
Western Sahara Brahim Ghali 582,463
Yemen Abd Al-Hadi 29,161,922

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