Factbox: Which countries have stakes in Ethiopia’s war?


Factbox: Which countries have stakes in Ethiopia’s war?

Which countries have stakes in Ethiopia's war
FILE PHOTO: A volunteer holds an Ethiopian flag during a blood donation ceremony for the injured members of Ethiopia’s National Defense Forces (ENDF) fighting against Tigray’s special forces on the border between Amhara and Tigray, at the stadium in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia November 12, 2020. REUTERS/Tiksa Negeri

November 17, 2020 (Reuters) – Ethiopian troops are battling rebellious forces from the country’s northern Tigray region. Fallout from the conflict in Africa’s second most-populous nation is already spilling over into Ethiopia’s neighbours, threatening to further destabilise a fragile region.

ERITREA – Three missiles fired by Tigrayan forces slammed into the Eritrean capital Asmara this weekend. Eritrea won its independence from Ethiopia in 1991 but the two nations went back to war over a border dispute in 1998-2000, when the Tigrayan ethnic group dominated Ethiopian politics.

Tigrayan ascendancy ended when Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed took power in 2018. Last year, he won the Nobel peace prize for signing a peace deal with Eritrea. Abiy’s rapprochement with Eritrea angered the Tigrayan leadership and came as several high-ranking Tigrayan former officials were put on trial for abuses and corruption.

SUDAN – Since fighting began in Tigray, at least 25,000 refugees have poured across the border into cash-strapped Sudan, where a joint civilian-military government is struggling to cement fragile peace deals with a plethora of armed groups. The sliver of territory next to Sudan is Tigray’s only border not controlled by Ethiopian or Eritrean forces.

Sudan has a long-running border quarrel with Ethiopia – both sides claim the fertile Fashqa triangle – but the bigger dispute between the two nations centres on Ethiopia’s giant Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which will dam the waters of the Blue Nile. Both Egypt and Sudan are concerned the $4 billion dam might threaten their water supplies.

EGYPT – Egypt and Sudan are holding joint war exercises this week, scheduled long before the Tigrayan conflict broke out but intended as a joint show of force amid the unresolved dispute over Ethiopia’s dam on the Nile.

Egypt, which is Africa’s third-most populous nation, relies on the Nile for more than 90% of its fresh water supplies and wants a legally binding treaty on how Ethiopia can use the Bule Nile’s waters.

SOMALIA – Ethiopian troops are in Somalia both as part of an African Union peacekeeping force and as bilateral forces. Somalia, ravaged by civil war since 1991, is battling al-Qaeda linked Islamist militant group al Shabaab, which has also carried out attacks in Ethiopia. Ethiopia shares a long and porous border with Somalia and has a large ethnically Somali population.

DJIBOUTI – Tiny Djibouti punches well above its weight in the region because it hosts both U.S. and Chinese military bases and because its port is Ethiopia’s only access to the sea. Djibouti, which borders Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia, has issued a statement calling for a peaceful resolution to the conflict and the opening of humanitarian corridors.

Reporting by Katharine Houreld, Editing by William Maclean


  1. Reuters and all Main stream medias are happy to mention about how the former Derge regime was forced to leave power or how the Derge fall down by mentioning the TPLF played the leading role in toppling the former Marxist regime led by colonel Mengist H/Mariam, but they are not willing or are not happy to mention how the TPLF dominance was forced down from the power it has controlled for close to three decades. They do not want to mention the sacrifice that the Oromo youth (Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromo) paid over the years of the resistance struggle and protest against TPLF/EPRDF ruthless rule on Oromo & other oppressed nations.

    This tendency of hiding the force that removed TPLF from power has either hidden motive of intentionally undermining the leading role Oromo played in the struggle against TPLF or is to obscure & paint Qeerroo’s sacrifice (the death of over 5,000 Qeerroos) as a destructive force that the habesha/nafxanyas want it to be portrayed by the western medias. The role of Oromo activists that endorsed & empowered OPDO to lead the aftermath of the Oromo revolution was very great and Oromo activists almost sold out the close to end and over a century struggle of the Oromo people to the historic enemy of the Oromo people, i.e. the Neo-Nafxanyas. All Oromo diaspora ‘political’ organizations that flew to Finfinnee in 2018 after the so-called ‘change’ including the ODF, all splinter groups from OLF have played a significant role in selling the hardly earned Oromo victory to our enemy due to their short-sightedness and egoism. This is really painful and should be recorded in Oromo struggle history as a TREASON! There should also be accountability for the sacrifice Oromo paid, the treason, and above all the continuing massacre of the Oromo people by nafxanya forces.

  2. Abiy says half truethful half lie propagandas. “One thousand dollars or thirty seven thousand birrs per year is the average income per year of people earning incomes in Ethiopia.”was recently said by the “pragmatic” leader of Ethiopia PM Abiy Ahmed.
    After further investigation and calculation conducted by independent researchers it was found out that what PM Abiy Ahmed said was actually semi true. The thing what PM Abiy Ahmed failed to mention was that this amount of one thousand dollars was also counting the yearly incomes of foreign investors who invested in Ethiopia. For example Mohammed Alamoudi’s yearly income was calculated. . Same as diasporas who got investments in Ethiopia were counted and used in this calculation, the diasporas yearly income is so high since they got investments worldwide ,not only in Ethiopia but PM Abiy Ahmed chose to add their income to come up with a one thousand dollars per year average incomes of people working in Ethiopia. Even refugees mostly Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia income was also calculated since all all foreign refugees currently residing in Ethiopia automatically get residential permits and work permits once they become refugees in Ethiopia , that’s how the thirty seven thousand birrs per year or one thousand dollars per year average income in Ethiopia was calculated. If you calculate only Ethiopian citizens earning their incomes in Ethiopia only , the figure is very so low to even compare with the figure ($1,000 USD per year) the PM recently announced.



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